Disease definition. Sotos syndrome is a rare multisystemic genetic disorder characterized by a typical facial appearance, overgrowth of the body in early life with. A number sign (#) is used with this entry because Sotos syndrome-1 (SOTOS1) is caused by heterozygous mutation in the NSD1 gene () or by a deletion. El síndrome de Sotos (SS) es una enfermedad genética con un patrón de herencia autosómico dominante, causado por haploinsuficiencia del gen NSD1.

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Three of the 7 patients who had been diagnosed with Weaver syndrome had NSD1 mutations see Recommended articles Citing articles 0. Cerebral gigantism associated with Wilms’ tumor.

Síndrome de Sotos diagnosticado por hibridación genómica comparativa – ScienceDirect

The ostos of this protein is unknown, however. Other features include cerebellar nystagmus, strabismus, pes planus, kyphoscoliosis, unequal lower limb length, syndactyly, large hands and feet, abnormal dermatoglyphics, functional megacolon and hemihypertrophy. The skull is large with moderate prognathism. We report 8 patients with this syndrome and relate their clinical features, neuroimaging and echocardiographic findings. Her growth was accelerated, but motor and speech development were delayed.

The mother also had a high TRC and a receding frontal hairline. Therefore, in spite of the natural history of Sotos syndrome has been elucidated over the years, its etiology and pathogenesis remains sohos 4. Sotos syndrome, cerebral gigantism, macrocephaly, mental retardation. Identical twins discordant for Sotos syndrome. Bilateral hydronephrosis was seen by ultrasound, and voiding cystoureterography revealed bilateral vesicoureteral reflux. Conclusion Finally, this article also proposes the performing of comparative genomic hybridisation as the first diagnostic soyos in cases where clinical findings are suggestive of SS.

Cerebral gigantism, intestinal polyposis, and pigmentary spotting of the sindromw. Other search option s Alphabetical list. Allanson and Cole presented anthropometric evaluation of the head in 45 patients with Sotos syndrome between age 1 and 25 years.

Most of the microdeletions were confirmed to be identical by FISH analysis. N Engl J Med ; Chromosomal analysis revealed normal in the 8 patients. Received 2 Julyreceived in final form 11 October Owing to the clinical overlap between the 2 syndromes, Baujat et al. Neuroimaging and echocardiographic findings in Sotos syndrome. Table 2 shows the neuroimaging findings in patients, which were grouped into three categories: Syndromes of the Head and Neck.

Although Sotos syndrome in its classically described form was not present, Robertson and Bankier concluded that this entity might reflect a related, perhaps allelic, condition.

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Sotos syndrome

Distinctive craniofacial anomalies include dolichocephaly, prominent forehead, hypertelorism or telecanthus, epicanthic folds, flat nasal bridge, downslanting palpebral fissures, high arched palate, premature eruption of teeth and pointed sindeome 6. This syndrome is characterized by overgrowth and advanced bone age. It sotoa a rare syndrome, occurring in 7 out of everybirths. Cerebral gigantism in childhood: Affected infants and children tend to grow quickly; they are significantly taller than their siblings and peers, and have an unusually large skull and large head.

Given that Sotos syndrome and sacrococcygeal teratoma are rare events, the authors suggested that these tumors may be due to the effects of overgrowth on tumor development. Professionals Summary information Greekpdf Review article English Practical genetics Englishpdf Clinical genetics review English Mutations in NSD1 are responsible for Sotos syndrome, but are not a frequent finding in other overgrowth phenotypes.

Sacrococcygeal teratoma in two cases of Sotos syndrome. The objective of this report is to present the case of a 4 year-old patient with windrome global developmental delay, as well as specific physical findings suggesting a syndrome of genetic origin. This suggested that low copy repeats may mediate the deletion.

Sinrome glycine-to-valine ratio seemed particularly useful in distinguishing patients from controls.

Signs of the disorder, which vary ce individuals, include a disproportionately large skull with a slightly protrusive forehead, large hands and feet, large mandible, hypertelorism an abnormally increased distance between the eyesand downslanting eyes. Metacarpophalangeal pattern profile analysis in Sotos syndrome.

Poor coordination and mental retardation are features. For all other comments, please send your remarks via contact us. They suggested that the autosomal dominant gene for the Sotos syndrome may be located either at 3p21 or 6p Presumed Sotos syndrome was described in a mother and 2 daughters by Bale et al.

Robertson and Bankier reported 3 children with anthropometric and dysmorphologic features of classic Sotos syndrome in association with redundant skin folds, joint hypermobility, and, in 2 of the 3, vesicoureteric reflux.

Deregulation of imprinted growth regulatory genes within the 11p15 region is the major cause of BWS. Genotype-phenotype associations in Sotos syndrome: C ] Weight – Mean full term birth weight 3.

Other signs include scoliosisseizures, heart or kidney defects, hearing loss, and problems with vision. Birth length was between the 90th and 97th centiles in all. Sotos syndrome in two brothers.

A variety of midline abnormalities were noted but anomalies of the corpus callosum were almost universal. He had had learning difficulties in school and was a manual laborer. D ICD –